The global economy operates in a deeply interconnected manner, with supply chains that span across countries and continents. Consequently, disruptions in one part of the world can have significant ripple effects elsewhere. One such example is the impact of global supply chain disruptions on Bangladesh’s apparel manufacturers. With over 4 million workers and contributing over 80% to the country’s exports, the apparel industry is a cornerstone of Bangladesh’s economy. However, it is also heavily dependent on imports for raw materials, which exposes it to significant risks. This article will delve into the impact of these disruptions and explore potential solutions.

Background of Bangladesh’s Apparel Industry

Bangladesh’s apparel industry is a major employer and a significant contributor to the nation’s economy. However, it faces several challenges, even in the absence of global disruptions. Key issues include:

  • High inflation and rising production costs: These factors increase the cost of production, making it harder for manufacturers to remain competitive.
  • Power shortages: These can disrupt production schedules and add to costs.
  • Political instability: This can create uncertainties that make it harder to plan and invest in the long term.
  • Obsolete machinery and lack of technology upgrades: These factors limit the competitiveness of Bangladesh’s manufacturers and make it harder for them to keep up with global trends and standards.
  • Weak productivity: This is a significant concern, particularly as regional competitors like Vietnam and India have been gaining competitiveness in recent years.

Impact of Global Supply Chain Disruptions

The COVID-19 outbreak, Brexit, the US-China trade war, and climate change events have all disrupted global supply chains, with significant impacts on Bangladesh’s apparel industry.

  • Raw material shortages: Over 60% of the raw materials used by the industry come from China. Disruptions like the COVID-19 outbreak have led to severe shortages, with around 93% of suppliers reporting shipment delays.
  • Order cancellations: Many Western brands and retailers have canceled or postponed orders due to store closures and other disruptions. For some factories, as much as 23% of recent orders were canceled.
  • Financial strain on manufacturers: The combination of raw material delays and order cancellations has put immense financial strain on manufacturers. The industry was projected to lose up to $6 billion in exports.
  • Impact on workers: Many factories have been unable to pay worker wages or provide income support when workers were furloughed. The pandemic has also put worker health at risk in crowded factories, where safety protocols and social distancing are challenging to implement.

Challenges in Compliance and Labor Rights

Compliance with codes of conduct, factory audits, and safety standards has added costs and pressure in the fast-paced production environment. Violations of labor rights persist, including restricted freedom of association, excessive overtime, verbal abuse, and gender-based violence. While corporate social responsibility initiatives by brands have driven some improvements, a lack of accountability allows ongoing exploitation.

Government Supports and Policy Interventions

To mitigate some of the impacts of global disruptions, the government has provided supports such as stimulus packages, tax rebates, and loans. However, more policy interventions are likely needed, including investment to strengthen domestic supply chain capabilities.

Potential Solutions and Future Outlook

Real transformation in the industry requires reshaping power dynamics and incentive structures to empower local stakeholders. This could involve enhancing domestic supply chain capabilities to reduce dependence on imports and mitigate future disruption risks. It could also involve strengthening labor laws and improving enforcement mechanisms to better protect worker rights and working conditions.


Global supply chain disruptions have deeply affected Bangladesh’s apparel manufacturers, underscoring longstanding challenges. While government initiatives have offered some cushioning, it’s clear that a holistic approach, encompassing domestic supply chain strengthening, bolstered compliance measures, and a shift in power dynamics, is vital for a resilient future. The promise of a sustainable and competitive industry lies in leveraging these strategies.

To delve deeper into the intricacies of the supply chain in this sector, refer back to our main article, “Supply Chain Management in Bangladesh’s Apparel Manufacturing“. If you’re considering sourcing apparel from a manufacturer that prioritizes quality control, environmental stewardship, timely delivery, and the welfare of its workers, we invite you to reach out to Brandex Sourcing for a personalized quote. Our commitment extends beyond manufacturing, ensuring that partnerships are sustainable, ethical, and beneficial for all stakeholders involved.