In today’s ever-evolving market, quality control and manufacturing excellence have proven to be non-negotiable prerequisites for success. This is particularly true in industries where consumers’ demands are continuously shifting and competition is intense. The clothing industry is one such sector, and Bangladesh, being a major player in the global clothing and textile market, has much to gain from elevating these factors.

This article will delve into the significance of quality control and manufacturing excellence, provide an overview of Bangladesh’s clothing industry, explore the correlation between quality control, manufacturing excellence, and market competitiveness, and finally discuss the challenges and opportunities within this context.

The Importance of Quality Control and Manufacturing Excellence

Quality Control is a process that ensures that products and services meet specific standards, while Manufacturing Excellence is a holistic approach towards improving production systems to achieve higher efficiency, cost-effectiveness, and quality.

In the clothing industry, quality control and manufacturing excellence are vital for several reasons:

  • Customer satisfaction: High-quality products satisfy customers and encourage repeat purchases.
  • Brand reputation: Quality control prevents defective products from reaching the market, preserving the brand’s reputation.
  • Reduced costs: Manufacturing excellence leads to fewer production errors and waste, reducing costs.
  • Increased competitiveness: Companies that prioritize quality and efficiency are better equipped to compete on the global stage.

For an in-depth understanding of quality control measures, read about the specific practices employed in Quality Control Measures in Bangladesh’s Garment Factories.

An Overview of Bangladesh’s Apparel Industry

Bangladesh is the world’s second-largest apparel exporter, after China. The clothing industry contributes to around 20% of Bangladesh’s GDP and employs about 4 million people, primarily women.

The industry is known for its low labor costs and massive production capacity, which have attracted international retailers and brands. However, the focus has primarily been on volume rather than quality, leading to challenges around product quality and manufacturing efficiency.

In the fiscal year 2019, exports from the Ready Made Garments (RMG) sector in Bangladesh reached an impressive $40.5 billion. The country generates about $5 billion worth of products each year by exporting garments, showcasing its substantial economic contribution. These export figures primarily go to developed countries in the United States and Western Europe, highlighting Bangladesh’s crucial position in the global production and supply chains.

The Correlation between Quality Control, Manufacturing Excellence, and Market Competitiveness

Quality control and manufacturing excellence directly impact a country’s competitiveness in the global market. Enhanced quality can increase a product’s market value, while manufacturing excellence can reduce costs, thereby increasing profit margins.

By focusing on these aspects, Bangladesh’s clothing industry can:

  • Attract high-end markets: Improved quality can open up opportunities in more lucrative markets.
  • Increase bargaining power: With superior quality and efficient manufacturing, firms can negotiate better prices with buyers.
  • Improve sustainability: Efficient manufacturing processes reduce waste and environmental impact, appealing to the growing number of consumers prioritizing sustainability.

Significant brands like H&M, Zara, and Gap manufacture their clothing in Bangladesh, a testament to the country’s relevance in the global fashion industry. However, attracting even more high-end markets would require enhanced focus on quality control and manufacturing excellence.


Despite the potential benefits, there are significant challenges to achieving quality control and manufacturing excellence in Bangladesh’s clothing industry.

Some of the main challenges include:

  1. Insufficient infrastructure: Many factories lack modern equipment and technology for quality control.
  2. Inadequate training: There’s a shortage of skilled workers due to lack of proper training and education.
  3. Unfavorable business practices: Practices like last-minute order changes and price pressure from buyers can hinder quality control efforts.

Adding to these, the sector faces severe labor conditions. Over 12 million people rely on this industry for survival, despite the minimum wage being set at 8,000 taka per month (around $94 USD, considerably less than the $394 USD estimated for a comfortable living). The issue of child labor is also concerning, with 4.3% of children aged 5-14 working to support their families, a significant portion of them in the garment industry.

The sector also contributes substantially to environmental degradation, with the textile industry being the second-largest contributor to industrial waste in the Dhaka watershed. Moreover, the Covid-19 pandemic in 2020 resulted in an 84% decline in orders, demonstrating the sector’s vulnerability to global crises.


However, these challenges also present opportunities for improvement:

  • Investment in modern equipment and technology can significantly enhance production quality and efficiency.
  • Establishing training programs and skills development initiatives can equip workers with the knowledge and skills needed to maintain high quality.
  • Advocacy for fair trade practices can lead to business environments that value and prioritize quality.

Signs of positive change are already visible, with safety conditions having improved since the Rana Plaza disaster. In 2018 alone, almost 100,000 identified hazards were addressed. Campaigns like #whomademyclothes have gained prominence, pressuring companies to operate with transparency and signalling a shift towards responsible manufacturing.

Operational Excellence and Strategic Planning in the RMG Sector

To achieve manufacturing excellence, strategic planning is key. An operational plan provides a clear picture of how a team will contribute to achieving organizational goals. In today’s fast-paced RMG business, a strategic plan is essential to reduce overall costs and deliver goods in a timely manner.

Implementing an action roadmap can help guide the RMG sector towards its objectives. This visual representation of strategic planning items includes high-level agenda items, initiatives, and key elements.

Continuous improvement, a never-ending cycle and integral part of Lean culture, and big data management, to ensure data quality and accessibility for business intelligence and analytics, are effective and cost-efficient approaches to overcome these challenges.

For example, factories can analyze inventory reports with real-time tracking and analysis, implement a synchronized data tracking and analysis system from pre-production to the cutting stage, and employ a supply chain tracking method in real-time to understand the challenges in advance and sync on the master plan.

Moreover, top managers can introduce innovative support systems by practicing attractive incentive programs, regular CSR, health and safety initiatives, team outings, and a periodical recognition system for a high-performing management team. These strategies would help motivate the workforce and improve performance.

Explore the top strategies in our detailed discussion on ‘Achieving Manufacturing Excellence in Bangladesh’s Clothing Industry.’


The journey towards quality control and manufacturing excellence in Bangladesh’s clothing industry is undoubtedly complex and challenging. However, the potential benefits – increased competitiveness, profitability, and sustainability – make it a worthy pursuit.

For more insights into the production of premium clothing, we recommend our article on ‘Reliability and Consistency in Delivering High-Quality Apparel.’

At Brandex Sourcing, we understand the complexities of this journey. We take quality control, environmental sustainability, and the health and safety of our workers seriously. Our commitment to these values not only sets us apart but also puts us at the forefront of ushering in a new era of responsible manufacturing in Bangladesh’s clothing industry.

If you’re looking for a manufacturing partner that prioritizes both quality and ethics, we invite you to reach out to us for a quote. Together, we can contribute to a brighter, more sustainable future for the global apparel industry.